The first step towards a climate deal with India
A new draft of India’s climate agreement with China is in the works and will be submitted to the UN for ratification.
The draft of the draft, obtained by The Hindu, says India will “negotiate for an interim agreement on measures to mitigate climate change”.
The draft says India is committed to “making India a global leader in the development of energy efficiency and climate resilience”, which include a carbon tax on the highest polluters.
The draft also says that India will work towards achieving a “climate system that ensures all lives, including the poorest and most vulnerable people, have access to adequate food and water”.
The agreement will need to be ratified by all the 193 member states of the UN, which will then submit the final agreement to the US for ratification and US President Donald Trump will then have to ratify the deal.
The deal is the most ambitious climate change deal ever signed by India, which is the world’s fourth-largest emitter of greenhouse gases and has pledged to reduce its emissions by 40 per cent by 2030.
India and China have long been on opposite sides of the issue over how best to address the climate crisis, with India supporting the Paris climate agreement and China opposing it.
But this is the first time that a draft climate agreement has been submitted to India.
India is expected to send the draft agreement to Trump’s administration for ratification, which would then be put before the UN Security Council.
In recent years, the UN has been grappling with the issue of climate change and India’s leaders have been pushing to sign up to the Paris agreement and other international climate agreements.